– Your piano teacher, Tim here and today I'm gonna givebeginners a ground up lesson on how to read musicfrom the very beginning.
So let's get to it.
(cheerful piano music) Okay, the first thingyou need to be aware of are these two things onthe staff right here, these two symbols, the first one is called the treble clef and 99% of the time, the treble clef, notes that are on that staff are going to be playedwith your right hand.
Now the other thing you wannabe aware of is the bass clef, the bass clef, 99% of the time you're going to be playing notes down on the bottom therewith your left hand, pretty easy, remember treble'sup here, bass is down there for the most part, especially as a beginner.
Okay and for this lesson, just ignore this four four, we did talk about that inan earlier lesson on rhythm, you do want to learnabout rhythm of course, but you don't need toworry about those today.
One thing you do need to keep in mind is this thing here that we call the staff, you may have heard me saythat just a minute ago.
The staff is made up of five lines, one, two, three, four and five and then it's also made up ofone, two, three, four spaces.
Now depending on which lineor space a note falls on tells you not only what note to play, A, B, C, D, E, F or G, but also where on thepiano to play that note and of course I'll get into detail about that during a lesson.
Now the whole key behind reading music, especially as a beginner is to memorize the lines and the spaces for both the trebleclef and the bass clef, the first thing we're gonna talk about are the lines and spacesof the treble clef.
So here I have drawn a note oneach line of the treble clef and the lines are as follows, E, G, B, D and finally F.
What I like to do is I like to associate a saying to each of these with each of the first letterof the words of the saying corresponding to each of these notes, so my saying is everygood boy deserves fudge, E for every, G for good, B for boy, D for deserves and F for fudge, but you can come up withany saying on your own that you like, I suggest you use mine, 'cause you're gonna hearme say it other times, but if you wanna find onethat works better for you, go for it.
Alright, let me show you thespaces of the treble clef.
Okay, the spaces of thetreble clef are as follows, they are F, A, C and E.
Now you don't need a sayingfor this one, why is that? Because they spell aword on their own, face, so remember spaces, F, A, C, E.
Now one important thingI wanna tell you about is that whenever you'reusing these sayings or the words to figure outwhat these letters are, make sure you're going fromthe bottom of the staff to the top of the staff, don't go the other way, 'cause you'll get it wrong, remember from the bottom uplike a tree grows, right, it starts at the bottom, grows up towards the sky, think about it like that.
Okay, the next thing I wanna show you is where these notesoccur on the keyboard, pretty important I would say.
Now the thing to rememberis with the treble clef, think about where if you sit right in the middle of the piano, think that your right hand is up this way, your left hand is generallyplaying down that way, makes sense, right? So a lot of these treble clef notes are from middle C up that way and this E specificallythis first one right here, this note is this E right here, it's the first E above middle C.
The next note, G, which is right there, that note is just gonna be right there, so you're skipping a noteeach time you go up a line, you're skipping a note, so this B right here isgoing to be this one, the D is skip a note to D and then F, so you got E, G, B, D and F and those are the linesof the treble clef.
Now the spaces of thetreble clef are here, so you have middle Chere, the first F you want or the F you want in the spaces is the first F above middle C, you got F, A, C and then E just like that and if you notice, those skip too, you got F, skip over G to A, skip over B to C and then E.
Now when you put thelines and spaces together, they go all right in a row, so remember the firstline over here was E, the next note up, which wouldbe that space would be F and then you got G, that's that G right there, the next note up would be A, so when you put them all together, they'll then form a line rightin a row on the keyboard.
Okay, so if you've been paying attention, you've heard me say middle C a lot, I showed you where it is on the keyboard, but you may be wondering whereis middle C on the staff? I didn't cover that yet, well, let me show you.
So here's the E, the bottom line and then you move down two notes to C, this is what we call ledger line, so when notes start to goeither real below the staff or way up high, youhave to add extra lines to be able to keep track of where you are.
So that C right there ison that first ledger line below the staff and that is actually wheremiddle C is right there and if you remember when I was talking about when you have notes that are going from lineto line to line to line, or space to space to space to space, you're skipping over every other note, so this C right here is here, middle C and it makes sense, because this E, which is on the nextline, you skip over D to E is right there and then youjust go up the lines from there.
So just keep in mind with treble clef, that middle C is on its own ledger line, one ledger line directly below the staff, you have to memorize wherethat is, very important.
Alright, now I'm gonna teachyou where the lines are on the bass clef, so here they are.
So again we're gonna come up with a saying to figure these out, but letme give you the notes first, they are G, B, D, F and then A and then one of my studentstold me, which I now use, it's great big dogs fight animals, but again any saying thatyou wish, that works for you, I say go for it.
Again when you're figuring these out, you're counting fromthe bottom to the top, not any other way, so important, you will get it wrong ifyou do it any other way.
Okay, moving right along, you got the spaces of the bassclef, they are at the bottom, A, C, E and then G at the top or all cows eat grass, againfrom the bottom to the top.
What were the lines ofthe bass clef again? Great big dogs fightanimals or G, B, D, F, A and then all cows eat grass.
Now you may be thinking where'smiddle C on the bass clef? Great question, I'm gonna show you.
Okay, so on the bass clef, there's our G, the top space, middle C is actually nowhereto be found on the staff, just like with the treble clef, however this time middle C is one ledger line above the staff, remember with treble, it was one ledger line below the staff, whereas the bass clef is oneledger line above the staff.
Now the thing you may be thinkingis they're the same note, both of these are the same note and in fact this is wherethe treble clef and bass clef intersect, however theydo leave a space in here, because if they didn't, all the notes would justkind of collide together and it'd be reallyconfusing and hard to read, so they did give us that space there.
Now moving ahead a little bit, this is a little bit more advanced, but I do want you to justknow about this, right, so these are the lines, basically middle C is the line, where they both meet, if I start moving down below middle C on the treble clef, I start to move intothe bass clef territory, it's still written in treble clef, but I'm starting to move down that way.
So from middle C, remember treble clef is basically from middle C up that way and then bass clef is frommiddle C down that way, so if I start to goabove middle C this way, I start to work into thetreble clef territory, so just keep that in mind, that middle C is the boundary and basically treble'sfrom middle C that way, bass clef's from middle C is that way.
So four things I want youto practice for next time and make sure that youhave these memorized, so important, because whenyou're actually reading music, you're going to have to processthis stuff in real time, you know, as it comes at you, you're not really gonnahave a whole lot of time to be like, oh, what was this note again, oh, it was an F, oh, it was an A.
Now you do have the time, you can take as much timeas you want to do that, but to play a song, it willtake way too much time.
So memorize these four things, lines of the treble clef, number one, spaces of the treble clef, number two, lines of the bass clef, number one, spaces of the bass clef, number two, so memorize those fourthings for next time and then once this is posted, I'm gonna put the next lesson that you should watch inthis series right here, so make sure to check that out.
It's been your piano teacher, Tim here, thank you so much for coming by today and I'll see you, hey, yes, you in the next lesson.
(cheerful piano music).